This is the largest family of bugs and it contains species that feed primarily on plants and are destructive pests. Adults are elongate oval, 4-14 mm long, and with two distinct cells on the wing membrane. They are active flyers. Some species are predaceous on other insects and have the ability to deliver a painful bite to humans. In Japan, Phytocoris ohataen-sis and Lygocoris idoneus often occur around the perimeter of buildings.

Mirids will pierce human skin when it is either moist with perspiration or dry. A large number of species are known to bite and suck blood. The reasons for this behavior are unclear, and itis likely that they are seeking nourishment. The majority of records of mirids biting are from North American species, but species from other regions have been reported biting; these are indicated in the list below.

Atractotomus miniatus Blepharidopterus angulatus (UK)

B. provancheri Brachynotocoris puncticornis

(Algeria) Camptotylus yersini {Sudan) Campylomma verbasci Campyloneura virgula Chlamydatus albidus (North Africa)

Creontiades pacificus (Malaysia)

C. pallidus (Sudan) Cyrtorhinus lividipennis


Deraeocoris manitou D. nebulosa D. quercicola D. ruber (UK) Haematocapsus bipunctatus

(Nigeria) Hyaliodes harti H. vitripennis Irbisia brachycera Lopidea chandleri L. marginata L. robiniae Lygocoris communis

L. omnivagus Lygus lineolaris L. pratensis (UK) Maurodactylus albidus (North

Africa) Microphylellus tsugae Orthotylusflavoparsus O. ramus

Pilophorus crassipes Plagiognathus obscurus

P. politus P. repetitus

Pseudatomoscelis seriata Reuteria irrorata Rhinocapsus vanduzeei Sejanus albsignatus (New

Zealand) Taedia scrupea Trigonotylus brevipes (East Africa)

Azalea plant bug, Rhinocapsus vanduzeei Adults are 8-16 mm long, reddish orange and black. Nymphs and adults are often found on or around ornamental azalea plants and other shrubs. They may be attracted to perspiration and carried indoors on clothing or on skin. Adults have been reported to bite people; the bite is painful and produces a small welt.

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